Latin name: Aper
Other names: Sanglier
A savage wild pig or hog
A savage wild pig or hog.
|Sources (chronological order)|
Pliny the Elder [1st century CE] (Natural History, Book 8, 78): Boars are very rough when mating; they fight with each other after rubbing against trees to harden their skin.
Isidore of Seville [7th century CE] (Etymologies, Book 12, 1:27): The boar (aper) is named after ferocity (feritate, with the F removed and a P added).
Bartholomaeus Anglicus [13th century CE] (De proprietatibus rerum, book 18): The boar is so fierce a beast, and also so cruel, that for his fierceness and his cruelness, he despiseth and setteth nought by death, and he reseth full piteously against the point of a spear of the hunter. And though it be so that he be smitten or sticked with a spear through the body, yet for the greater ire and cruelness in heart that he hath, he reseth on his enemy, and taketh comfort and heart and strength for to wreak himself on his adversary with his tusks, and putteth himself in peril of death with a wonder fierceness against the weapon of his enemy, and hath in his mouth two crooked tusks right strong and sharp, and breaketh and rendeth cruelly with them those which he withstandeth. And useth the tusks instead of a sword. And hath a hard shield, broad and thick in the right side, and putteth that always against his weapon that pursueth him, and useth that brawn instead of a shield to defend himself. And when he spieth peril that should befall, he whetteth his tusks and frotteth them, and assayeth in that while fretting against trees, if the points of his tusks be all blunt. And if he feel that they be blunt, he seeketh a herb which is called Origanum, and gnaweth it and cheweth it, and cleanseth and comforteth the roots of his teeth therewith by vertue thereof. ( Steele edition of 1905)