British Library, Royal MS 12 C XIX
|Produced:||England (Durham?), c. 1200-1210|
|Location:||British Library, London, England, UK|
|Dimensions:||Height: 22 cm Width: 26 cm|
Contains a a fully illustrated bestiary (f.6r-94v) with 80 colored images, some with gold backgrounds; and excerpts from the Etymologiae of Isidore of Seville (f. 3r-4r and 94v-100r).
The bestiary is in several distinct sections:
The image at the bottom of folio 28v is an "orphan": The text above it relates to the tiger on folio 28r, and the text after it (top of folio 29r) seems to be about the bear. There is no image or large initial on folio 29r, and the text appears to begin mid-sentence. The image of the stork on folio 41r is also an "orphan"; there is no stork description on the page with the image and no space available for there to be one on either the previous (folio 40v) or next page (folio 41v). The British catalog reports the following missing folios (at least one folio at each location): after folio 2, 8, 13, 14, 17, 20, 28, 33, 41, 42, 44, 54, 60, 62, 68. Given that in the surviving folios there is an image and description on average every two pages, there are at least 7 missing animals, and probably several more.
The manuscript (items 1-7) is a direct copy of the Worksop Bestiary, New York, Morgan Library, MS M.81 ... Bestiary: rubric: 'Incipit liber de naturis bestiarum et earum significationibus'; incipit: 'Bestiarum uocabulum proprie conuenit'. The first four articles in this text are Leo, Autalops, Monocentaurus, Herina. Explicit: 'buxum uero de ligno composito'. At ff. 22v, 24r are interspersed a few verses, incipit: 'Ossibus extruitur elephas dorsoque camelus' and 'Grandior in tauro virtus sed paruula vulpes'. Decoration: 80 miniatures in colours and gold, some with punchwork, depicting animals ... Space was left for a picture on f. 95v.... Illustrations are classed as transitional between First and Second Families of Bestiaries by James.
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