Getty Museum, MS. Ludwig XV 3
( Aviarium / Bestiary)


Produced: Flanders, 1270
Location: Getty Museum (J. Paul Getty Museum), Los Angeles, California, USA
Type: Bestiary
Family: First; B-Is
Language: Latin
Folios: 102
Author: Hugo de Fouilloy
Illustrated: Yes
Binding: Pasteboard covered with brown morocco
Media: Tempera colors/gold leaf/ink on parchment
Script: Littera textualis currens
Dimensions: Height: 19.1 cm Width: 14.3 cm
Folio 21r


There is an Aviary on folio 17r-43v and a bestiary on folio 67r-100v.

Illustrations: aviary - 30; bestiary - 35; all full color with frequent use of gold leaf. The bird images in the aviary are generally just portrait views, not illustrating the bird's attributes. In some cases the same bird is illustrated in both the aviary and the bestiary; most of the later images do show the attributes.There are blue and red capitals with pen scrollwork at the start of the aviary chapters.

Clark aviary group: Ter Duinen.

This manuscript was formerly Sion College L 40.2/L28, sold at Sotheby's 13/6/1977 (lot 72), according to the Lambeth Palace Library, which took possesion of most of the Sion College manuscripts when the College closed in 1996. The L28 manuscript had been sold before then.

[From the Getty Museum description]

The Getty Museum's manuscript is a compilation that includes two rare treatises by Hugo de Fouilloy in addition to the Bestiary. The first text is the Aviary, which uses the characteristics of different types of birds to make moral points. The second, a Treatise on Flocks and Shepherds, constructs a metaphorical discussion of Christ as an abbot, taking care of his flock, and the abbot and monks in a monastery caring for their charges. Both of Hugo's Latin texts were intended for teaching lay brothers, those who performed manual work in a monastery. This manuscript, though made around 1270 in Flanders, is stylistically close to contemporary elegant Parisian illuminations produced at the court of King Louis IX, which are characterized by gracefully gesturing figures, vigorous outlines, and gold-patterned backgrounds.

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Getty Museum (Partial)