Getty Museum, MS. Ludwig XV 4
(De avibus / Bestiary)


Produced: France (St Omer?), ca. 1277
Current Location: Getty Museum, Los Angeles, California, USA
Manuscript Type: Bestiary
Bestiary Family: First : B-Is
Aviary Group: Ter Duinen
Language: Latin
Folios: 204
Illustrated: Yes
Illustrator: At least two
Media: Parchment
Script: Littera textualis formatta
Dimensions: Height: 23.1 cm Width: 16.5 cm
Folio 21v


A complete De avibus of Hugh of Fouilloy is on folios 1r-54r. It has 30 full color illustrations. Additional material from a bestiary for the turtledove, pelican and nycticorax. Initials: decorated with strapwork and drolleries for the start of the aviary; colored capitals with scrollwork for each chapter.

Clark aviary group: Ter Duinen.

The bestiary is on folios 67r-102v (Clark, p. 292 says folios 73r-104v & 110r-112v). It has 40 full color illustrations. Initials: decorated with strapwork and drolleries for the start of the bestiary; colored capitals elsewhere.

The text of the bestiary makes frequent references to the Physiologus and the Etymologies of Isidore of Seville as the sources of the animal descriptions.

The same artist may have been responsible for the aviary and the bestiary; the style of both is similar. In both sections the illustrations are full color, well drawn paintings, most with gold backgrounds or gold frames. The bestiary illustrations are generally larger than those in the aviary, with several being full page width; a few have simple colored backgrounds instead of gold. Most of the aviary illustrations are just a portrait of the bird, not showing any of the usual attributes. The bestiary illustrations mostly show at least one of the animal's characteristics, though in some cases the artist has shown the attributes in unusual ways, or failed to show them at all.

Also contains a section on the monstrous human races, with seven full page illustrations, based on Pliny the Elder; De Pastoribus et Ovibus (On Shepards and Sheep); Mirabilia Mundi (Miracles of the World); and Philosophia Mundi (Philosophy of the World).

Formerly Dyson Perrins 26.

Additional Descriptions

Additional description 1
Additional description 2 (page 292)

Editions and Facsimiles

Digital facsimiles

Getty Museum (Partial, only folios with illustrations)