Biblioteca Apostolica Vaticana, Pal. lat. 291
(De rerum naturis)


Produced: South Germany (Heidelberg?], 1425
Current Location: Biblioteca Apostolica Vaticana, Vatican City, Vatican
Manuscript Type: Encyclopedia
Language: Latin
Folios: 275
Author: Rabanaus Maurus
Illustrated: Yes
Media: Parcment
Dimensions: Height: 35 cm Width: 26.5 cm
Folio 97r


The De rerum naturis, an encyclopedia by Rabanus Maurus. Fully illustrated with numerous fine paintings, often several per page. Book 7, chapter 8 and Book 8, chapter 1 have only an introductory image showing several animals; the rest of Book 8 has an illustration for most entries, usually small.

Some of the illustrations show similarities to those in W├╝rttembergische Landesbibliothek,, in content though not in style (e,g salamander on folio 105r).

Book 7, chapter 8 (domestic animals) is on folio 77v-86r.

Book 8 (animals, fish, birds, serpents) is on folio 80v-107r.

  1. Animals (De bestiis) : folio 86v-91r
  2. Small animals (De minutis animantibus) : folio 91r-92r
  3. Serpents (De serpentibus) : folio 92r-95v
  4. Worms (De vermibus) : folio 95v-95v
  5. Fish (De piscibus) : folio 96v-98v
  6. Birds (De avibus) : folio 98v-106r
  7. Small birds (De minutis avibus) : folio 106r-107r

Additional Descriptions

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Editions and Facsimiles

Digital facsimiles

Universit├Ątsbibliothek Heidelberg
Biblioteca Apostolica Vaticana (with watermark)