Digital Text

Some Twelfth-Century Animal Carvings and Their Sources

By A. H. (Arthur) Collins

The Connoisseur, December 1940 / Volume 106, Number 472, pages 238 to 243

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About this Text

This brief article discusses the relationship between the carvings of animals on medieval churches and similar images found in bestiary manuscripts. The article is illustrated with 17 photographs of carvings and manuscripts.

A. H. (Arthur) Collins appears to have been an English clergyman; little else is known about him. His Christian church background is evident in his writing, which has a decidedly religious flavor. He may have lived from 1880 to 1952, in England. He is also the author of Symbolism of Animals and Birds Represented in English Church Architecture (1913). This article may have been written some time before its 1940 publication date; in it Collins acknowledges the assistance of George C. Druce, who died in 1932.


The print edition of this text was published in The Connoisseur magazine in 1940; the digital edition was created from the original in 2003 by David Badke. The original print edition by Arthur H. Collins is believed to be in the public domain under Canadian copyright law; it may or may not be in the public domain in other jurisdictions.