Sources : Pard

Pliny the Elder [1st century CE] (Natural History, Book 10, 93): In Africa also leopards [pardi] crouch in the thick foliage of the trees and hidden by their boughs leap down on to animals passing by, and stalk their prey from the perches of birds. - [Rackham translation]

Gaius Julius Solinus [3rd century CE] (De mirabilibus mundi / Polyhistor, Chapter 11.11): Pards, a second kind of panther, are also in these woods. They have been satisfactorily studied, so we need not extensively pursue them. The offspring of lionesses are degraded by adulterous unions with them. Lions are indeed thereby created, but are inferior. - [Arwen Apps translation, 2011]

Isidore of Seville [7th century CE] (Etymologies, Book 12, 2:10-11): The pard [pardus], comes next after the panther; this type has a mottled coat, and is extremely swift and headlong for blood, for it rushes to kill with a leap. - [Barney, Lewis, et. al. translation]

Aberdeen Bestiary [circa 1200 CE] (folio 8v-9r): The pard is a species which has a mottled skin, is extremely swift and thirsts for blood; for it kills at a single bound. The leopard is the product of the adultery of a lioness with a pard; their mating produces a third species. As Pliny says in his Natural History: the lion mates with the pard, or the pard with the lioness, and from both degenerate offspring are created, such as the leopard and the burdon.

Thomas of Cantimpré [circa 1200-1272 CE] (Liber de natura rerum, Quadrupeds 4.86): Pards, as Jacobus says, are beasts of the second kind from panthers, which are characterized by a variety of spots. By these adulterous copulations the birth of lions is degenerated, and lions indeed are produced by them, but base ones. Solinus: In Africa, because of the scarcity of water, they generally congregate in different ways to the rivers, where they mingle with various beasts, either by force or by pleasure; and thence leopards are said to be procreated. As the Experimentator says, the pard pursues its prey by leaping rather than running, and is very quick to blood. It happened many times, therefore, that he rushed to his death with a violent leap. As the great Basil says, the pard is fierce and very sharp in it attack, and it has a body suitable to the movements of his mind, that is, it is variegated in color. In the same Africa there are pards, who, hiding in the branches of a tree, leap into the forest, and, as Pliny says, prey on birds. - [Badke translation/paraphrase]

Bartholomaeus Anglicus [13th century CE] (Liber de proprietatibus rerum, Book18.82): The Perde is called Perdus, as Isidore sayth, & is the most swift beast, with many divers coulours and rounde speckes, as the Panther, and réeseth to blend, and dyeth in leaping, and varyeth not from the Panther, but the Panther hath moe white speckes, so sayth Plinius libro. 8. Also libro. 5. Aristotle sayth, the Perde when he is sicke eateth mannes durt, because of medicine. Hunters hang that durt on a trée, and goeth up to it: & the hunters slay him, and is lecherous, & gendereth with the Lyonesse: Of that bastard generation commeth Leopardus. Looke before de Leena. The Perde is cruell when his whelps be stolen, as the Glose saith super Ose. 13. - [Batman]