Beast Index - Category

This is an index to the beasts grouped by category (Beast, Bird, Plant, etc.). The categories are based on how medieval people categorized animals, so some animals are in odd categories (e.g. a whale is a fish).


Beasts (mostly mammals, plus composites and beast-like non-mammals)
Ahanes An animal as large as a stag
Ana A beast that comes to the defense of others of its own kind
Ant-lion The offspring of an ant and a lion
Antelope An animal so wild no hunter can approach it
Ape Called "simia" because it is similar to humans
Ass An animal that is slow and resists commands
Badger A dirty beast that bites
Bear The cubs are born unformed, and are licked into shape by the mother
Beaver Hunted for its testicles, it castrates itself to escape from the hunter
Behemoth An enormous four-footed beast
Boar A savage wild pig or hog
Bonnacon A beast like a bull, that uses its dung as a weapon
Buffalo Buffalo are so wild that they cannot be yoked
Bull The Indian bull is tawny colored and swift as a bird
Cacus A monster that steals cattle
Camel Camels can endure thirst for three days and prefer muddy water
Capreola The roe deer
Cat An animal that is hostile to mice
Catoblepas A beast with a head so heavy it can only look down
Cefusa A beast with human feet and hands
Centaur The centaur is part man and part horse
Chimera A hybrid beast of lion and goat
Cow A useful animal
Crocodile A beast that weeps after eating a man
Demma A beast the size of a goat, with long, sharp horns
Doe The female deer
Dog A young dog bound to a patient cures internal wounds
Dormouse They sleep all winter as if dead
Dromedary A small camel that can travel a hundred Roman miles a day
Duran A beast that slows down pursuing dogs with its odor
Elephant Soldiers fight from wooden towers on the backs of elephants
Elk The Eurasian elk or moose
Equicervus An animal with features of a horse and a stag
Ermine A small animal that is white in winter and brown in summer
Falena An animal that hates human pride
Ferret An animal like a weasel, used to hunt rabbits in their burrows
Finges A beast with two nipples on its chest
Fox A crafty and deceitful animal that never runs in a straight line
Furionz A lustful beast
Genetha A black and crimson beast that stays in low places
Giraffe A beast that looks like a camel but has the spots of a leopard
Glutis A bird with a long tongue
Goat An animal that likes to live on high mountains
Griffin A beast with the body of a lion and the wings and head of an eagle
Hamster The European hamster
Hare A timid beast that runs fast
He-goat A beast so hot that its blood dissolves diamond
Hedgehog A beast that carries away grapes on its sharp quills
Hemtra Very small animals in Germany
Hippopotamus A large beast called the river horse
Horse A horse is a horse, of course, of course...
Hyena A beast that eats human corpses and changes sex
Ibex A beast with horns so strong they can save it from a fall
Ibrida The genus of hybrid animals
Lacta A small beast that lives in tombs
Lamb The lamb knows its own parents by their voice
Lamia A stealer and killer of children
Lanzani A cruel beast that attacks any animal not of its own kind
Leontophone A small beast that is deadly to lions
Leopard The offspring of a mating between a lion and a pard
Leucrota A composite beast with a mouth that stretches from ear to ear
Lincisius The offspring of a male dog and a female wolf
Lion The lion is the king of the beasts
Lycaon A wolf-like beast with multi-colored fur
Lycisca A hybrid of a wolf and a dog
Lynx The urine of the lynx hardens into a precious stone
Mammonetus A kind of monkey
Manticore A beast with a man's face, a lion's body, and the stinger of a scorpion
Martin An animal that is common in Ireland
Mole A blind animal that lives in the earth
Molosus A large and aggresive beast that is afraid of children
Monocerus A fierce beast with a single long horn
Mouse A small animal that is born from the soil
Mule Mules come from the unnatural mating of a female horse and a male ass
Muscaliet A beast with the body of a hare, tail of a squirrel, teeth of a boar
Musquelibet An animal that produces musk
Onager A wild ass that can predict the coming of the equinox
Onocentaur A beast with the upper body of a man and the lower body of an ass
Oryx A beast of the dry African desert
Otter A cunning and mischievous animal living around ponds and rivers
Ox The ox is a strong beast that can predict the weather
Panther A gentle, multicolored beast whose only enemy is the dragon
Papiones A beast larger than a fox that howls like a wolf
Parandrus A beast that can conceal itself by changing its appearance
Pard A swift and deadly beast that kills with a single leap
Pathius A beast with a body colored like blood
Pegasus A beast that is part horse, part bird
Pig A filthy animal that wallows in mud
Polecat A weasel-like animal with a strong smell
Porcupine An animal that has quills or spines
Rabbit A wild beast hunted by dogs
Ram Rams were the first animals to be sacrificed on alters
Rat An oversized mouse
Reindeer A strong animal with three rows of horns on its head
Satyr An ape-like wild man
Sea-centipede A sea fish the disgorges its inside to remove a hook it has swallowed
Sheep The sheep is a defenceless, placid animal
Shrew A kind of mouse that bites
Squirrel An animal that climbs trees
Stag A drink made from the tears of a stag is a cure for troubles of the heart
Syropetice A beast that has a tail like a leopard
Tiger Tigers are remarkable for their strength and speed
Tragelaphus A deer-like animal that has a beard
Tranes An animal something like a rabbit, with a helmet on its head
Trogodite An animal that has horns pointing toward the ground
Unicorn The unicorn is a fierce beast that can only be captured by a maiden
Water-horse A beast with the front half of a horse and tail of a fish or serpent
Weasel The weasel conceives at the mouth and gives birth through the ear
Wether The wether is named from the worms in its head
Wild Man A man who lives wild in the forest
Wolf If a wolf sees a man first, the man will lose his voice
Yale A beast with flexible horns that it can move at will
Birds (and other flyers)
Aeriophylon A bird seldom seen because it flies above the clouds
Alerion A bird the color of fire, with razor-sharp wings
Anthus A small bird that fights with horses
Barnacle Goose A bird that initially grows from trees
Bat A bird that gives birth to living young
Bee-eater Bee-eater young care for their elderly parents
Bittern A bird that makes a booming noise
Blackbird An agreeable bird that sings in April and May
Bustard A slow moving carrion eating bird
Caladrius A bird which can tell if a sick man will die, and can cure disease
Cariste A bird that can fly through flames without harm
Catarrhactes A diving bird that stays underwater for a long time
Chloreus A bird that fights with ravens
Cinnamologus An bird that makes its nest from the fruits of the cinnamon tree
Cock The cock is a bird that can tell time
Coot An intelligent bird that stays in one place
Coredulus A bird whoes name implies "eater of the heart"
Cornica A large bird with few feathers
Crane At night cranes take turns keeping watch for enemies
Crow A long-lived bird that foretells the future
Cuckoo A weak bird that travels on the backs of kites
Dariata A bird with no legs that can only crawl
Dove There is meaning in the various colors of doves
Duck The ducks of Pontus feed on the poison in the sea
Dyomeda A bird that can distinguish between local people and foreigners
Eagle A bird with eyes so strong it can look directly into the sun
Falcon A bird used for hunting
Fatatore A bird that lays its eggs before Spring
Fetix A small bird that lays eggs twice a year
Figpecker A bird that mostly eats figs
Flycatcher A slow bird with a wide mouth for catching flies and gnats
Furfurio A bird that feeds on flour
Goldfinch A bird that eats thorns and thistles
Goose Geese can smell the odor of man better than any other animal can
Gosturdus A bird that flies like a wave
Gracocenderon A chaste bird that has sex only once a year
Grouse A bird that lives in Germany that can be eaten
Gull A bird that lives on land and water and flies in the air
Harpy A fierce bird with a human head
Hawk The hawk has great courage in a small body
Heliodromos A bird that flies following the sun
Hen Hens become weak because their chicks are weak
Hercinia A bird with brightly glowing feathers
Heron A bird wise above all others
Hoopoe The young care for their elderly parents
Ibis The dirtiest of birds because it feeds on corpses
Isida A small bird with beautifully colored feathers
Jackdaw The jackdaw is a noisy bird
Jay A very noisy bird
Kim A bird that cares for her own chicks and those of other birds
Kingfisher A bird that calms sea storms
Kite A rapacious bird that feeds on carrion
Komor A bird that lays eggs five or six times a year
Kyches A bird that cries with a different voice almost every day
Lark A singing bird
Linachos A bird like an eagle that rejects inferior chicks
Magnales Large birds of the East that eat fish
Magpie The magpie has a voice which can express words with distinct sounds
Martineta A bird that does not decay when dead
Meauce A bird that likes human corpses
Melancoriphus A fertile bird that lays more than twenty eggs at a time
Memnonides A bird that flies from Egypt to Troy every fifth year
Mergus Generic term for a sea bird
Merilliones A bird like a blackbird with different feet, claws and beak
Merlin A bird that breaks raven eggs
Morplex A swift bird that dives to catch eels in the water
Nightingale A bird that that sings so enthusiastically that it almost dies
Nightjar A bird the sucks milk from the udders of goats
Orcigometus A kind of hawk
Oriole A bird that is gold all over
Orphan Bird The mother bird knows which of her eggs contain the best offspring
Osprey Ospreys are smaller than eagles but larger than hawks
Ostrich A bird that can digest anything, even iron, but is careless of its eggs
Owl The owl is a dirty bird that prefers darkness to light
Paradisi Called bird of paradise because of its beauty
Parrot A talking bird with a very hard beak
Partridge A deceitful bird that steals other birds' eggs
Peacock A bird with a terrible voice and flesh too hard to cook
Peahen Female peafowl, with a less magnificent tail
Pelican A bird that revives its dead young with its own blood
Pheasant A bird named for the Greek island of Phasis
Phoenix A bird that rises anew from the ashes of its funeral pyre
Plover A bird that lives on nothing but air
Porphirio A bird that one webbed foot and one clawed foot
Ptarmigan A bird with tufts of feathers on its feet, like the fur on hare feet
Quail Quails cannot be eaten, because they feed on poisonous seeds
Raven The raven will not accept its young until their feathers turn black
Siren A deadly creature, half human, half bird or fish
Snipe A bird that uses its long beak to dig in the earth
Sparrow Sparrows are swift and live in cracks in walls
Spoonbill A bird that steals fish from other sea birds
Starling A bird with stars on its feathers
Stork Two crows lead flocks of storks when they cross the sea to Asia
Stymphalis Man-eating birds with beaks of bronze and sharp metallic feathers
Swallow The swallow deserts buildings that are about to collapse
Swan The swan sings most sweetly just before it dies
Thrush A bird that returns at the beginning of winter
Titmouse A bird that is curious about other birds
Tragopan A large bird with two horns on its head
Trochilus A small bird that cleans the teeth of crocodiles
Turtledove A bird that always remains faithful to its mate
Vulture The vulture is a slow-flying bird that eats corpses
Wagtail A bird that constantly shakes its tail
Wood-dove A chaste bird
Woodpecker No spike can remain in a tree where a woodpecker nests
Zelencides A bird that rids the land of a plague of locusts
Zerahav A bird that lays its eggs at the bottom of the ocean
Fish (and marine mammals)
Abarenon A fish that lays eggs by rubbing on sand
Abides A marine animal that first lives in the water and then on land
Albirez A fish with a very hard skin
Allec A fish used to make pickled fish sauce
Alphoraz A fish that is generated from rotting mud
Amia A fish with purple or red markings
Aphorus A small fish that cannot be caught on a hook
Astaraz A fish spontaneously generated from the foam of rain water
Australis A fish that appears when the Pleiades decline
Babylonian Fish A fish that lives in caves near Babylon
Barbulus A fish with a beard
Bitterling A fish that has so many many bones that it is difficult to eat
Borbothis A fish that resembles an eel, but with a large head
Bothis A flat fish that goes to the river bottom and muddies the water to hide
Bream A fish with many large teeth
Caab A marine animal that has one long foot it uses as a hand
Capa A shellfish with a pearl-like shell
Capito A fish with a large head that lives in rivers
Capitones A sea fish with a large head and narrow tail
Carp A fish that has five ways to escape a net
Catfish The male of this fish takes care of his offspring
Celethi A fish that sleeps so soundly it can be caught by hand
Ceruleum A fish of the Ganges River that is strong enough to catch elephants
Chylon A fish that only eats its own mucus
Conchis A shellfish that resembles a ship
Crab A fish with claws
Cuttlefish A fish that is easily caught in enclosures
Day-fish A fish that only lives for one day
Dolphin Dolphins gather in schools at the sound of music
Echeneis This fish clings to ships and holds them back
Eel A serpent of the sea
Equinilus A fish in the Nile River that likes to kill humans
Eracliodes A fish that lives in caves it digs in river shores
Exposita A fish with very large teeth
Ezochius maris A very large fish with no teeth in its upper jaw
Fish The number of species of fish is uncountable
Flying Fish A fish that goes out onto dry land to sleep
Fundula A fish that is never seen at the water surface
Galalca A sea monster that pulls her fetus out of the womb to see if it is ready
Glaucus A white fish that appears on cloudy days
Golden Fleece A shellfish that produces a golden wool
Gudgeon A small fish that feeds in sandy-bottomed waters
Haniger A fish with a long red beak instead of a mouth
Kylion A fish with its spleen and liver in reversed positions
Kylok A fish that clings to rocks and eats whatever passes
Lobster A fish that fights with its kind, battering them like rams
Ludolacra A fish with four fins that moves swiftly
Megaris A fish when salted and exported demands a high price
Melanurus A fish with a black tail
Mermaid A creature half human, half fish
Millago A fish that flies over water
Mullet An agile fish of the Mediterranean
Muraena A fish that twists itself in circles
Mussel A shellfish that serves as the male for oysters
Narwhal A fish with a single long horn on its head
Nase A fish of the Danube River with bulky snout
Nautilus A fish that raises a thin mambrane like a sail
Nereid A fish with the appearance of a hairy human
Octopus A very clever sea fisher and very clever at deceiving others
Orca A large whale that preys on other whales
Pagrus A fish with hard teeth
Pearl-oyster Pearls are produced by a the oyster
Perna A shellfish that produces the colors yellow and red
Pike The wolf of the sea
Pina A shellfish that tricks little fish into its shell
Pungitivus A stinging fish that generates other fish
Ray A flatfish with a long deadly stinger
Salmon Fish that swim upstream and leap up waterfalls
Salpa A fish that must be beaten with a rod before it can be cooked
Sardine A small fish
Sawfish The sawfish has enormous wings and likes to race against ships
Scallop Symbol of the pilgrimage to Santiago de Compostela
Scarus A fish that ruminates its food
Scylla A vicious fish-human hybrid like a siren
Sea-ass The ocean equivalent of the land ass
Sea-cow The cow or bull or ox of the sea
Sea-dog The dog of the sea
Sea-dragon The dragon of the sea
Sea-fox The fox of the sea
Sea-frog The sea-frog hides in disturbed mud to catch little fish
Sea-hare The hare of the sea
Sea-horse The horse of the sea
Sea-monk A fish that looks like a tonsured monk
Sea-mouse A fish resembling a mouse that guides whales
Sea-peacock A fish colored with different hues on its back and neck
Sea-pig Sea-pigs dig up the ground under water
Sea-ram A fish like a ram that hides under ships to drown sailors
Sea-raven The raven of the sea
Sea-scorpion The scorpion of the sea
Sea-snail The sea-snail produces purple dye
Sea-spider The spider of the sea
Sea-stag A deer of the sea that eats birds
Sea-swallow The swallow of the sea
Sea-turtle The turtle that lives in sea and has a powerful bite
Sea-urchin A shellfish with spines
Sea-viper The viper of the sea
Seal The calf of the sea
Skate A fish with a rough skin used to polish wood and ivory
Sole A disk-shaped fish
Sparus A fish shaped like a spear
Sponge A fish the roots itself to rocks
Starfish A fish shaped like a star
Sturgeon A fish with its scales pointing toward its mouth
Sunfish A large fish that likes to bask in the sun
Swordfish A fish with a pointed beak it uses to sink ships
Testeum A sea fish that drinks fresh water when it is ill
Thymallus A fish named after a flower
Torpedo A fish whose touch numbs the strongest arms and swiftest feet
Tortoise The tortoise is a fish with a back covered in a shell
Trebius A fish that changes color from white to black
Trout A fish that lives in fast flowing mountain rivers
Tuna Fish that sees better with the right eye
Turbot A slow fish that uses trickery to catch fast fish
Unguis A fish named from its similarity to fingernails
Uranoscopus A a fish that has a single eye on the top of its head
Vergiliales A fish with sharp scales that is only seen when the Peides rise
Walrus Large sea beast with tusks
Whale Sailors mistake the whale for an island
Zedrosis Sea monsters so large their bones can be used in building houses
Zifius A sea monster that does not resemble any other animal
Plants
Cedar Tree Symbol of Mary and of the transfiguration of Christ
Mandrake A plant that shrieks when it is pulled from the earth
Palm Tree Palm tree
Peridexion Tree A tree in India that attracts doves and repels dragons
Serpents (snakes, lizards, dragons)
Amphisbaena A serpent with two heads, one at either end
Andrius Lives in water and on land
Aracsis A treacherous, varicolored serpent of large size
Arundutis A serpent with a tracery of lines over its body
Asfodius A serpent that causes blood to pour out of its victim
Asp Blocks its ear with its tail so as not to hear the charmer
Basilisk Its odor, voice and even look can kill
Berus A serpent that is more cunning than any other
Boa An enormous snake, found in Italy, that feeds on cattle
Botrax A serpent with the face of a frog
Cecula A serpent with no eyes
Centris An inflexible serpent
Cerastes An exceptionally flexible serpent with horns
Chameleon An animal that can change its color
Chelydros Land and water serpent
Cobra Every animal that approaches this serpent dies
Cornutis A serpent with horns it uses to attack people
Dipsa A snake so poisonous that its bite kills before it is felt
Draconcopedes A dragon-footed serpent
Dragon The greatest of all serpents on earth
Falitusus This serpent's bite causes necrosis and profound sleep
Frog Land frogs die if exposed to rain
Hydra A multi-headed serpent
Hydros A water snake that makes those bitten swell up
Hydrus The enemy of the crocodile, which it kills from the inside
Ichneumon An enemy of the snake
Illicinus A serpent that lives in scarlet oak trees
Jaculus A flying serpent
Leviathan An enormous sea-dragon
Lizard When the lizard goes blind, it looks to the rising sun
Miliares A serpent with a yellow coloration that resembles millet
Naderos A serpent of Germany that infects people and swords with its poison
Natrix A snake that contaminates water
Newt A lizard with spots like stars on its back
Ophites A serpent the color of sand
Parias A serpent that walks on its tail
Rutela A serpent that is useful in medicine
Salamander Salamanders are so cold they can extinguish any fire
Salpuga A serpent that is invisible or difficult to see
Scitalis A serpent with such a marvellous appearance that it stuns the viewer
Sea-serpent The serpent of the sea
Selfyr A serpent that tavels with its body on loops
Seps The poison of the seps consumes both body and bones
Siren (Serpent) An snake so poisonous that those bitten die before they feel pain
Skink Similar to a crocodile but much smaller
Snake The snake crawls with hidden steps
Tyliacus A serpent born from inside a linden tree
Tyrus A serpent used in the preparation of a cure for poison
Tysus A serpent that walks on its belly using its ribs like feet
Viper The young of the viper eat their way out of their mother's side
Stones and Gems
Agate Can be used to find pearls
Carbuncle When it is held against the sun it resembles a burning coal
Diamond If a diamond is kept in a house, demons cannot enter
Fire Stones Stones that burst into flames when brought close together
Indian Stone A stone that can cure the illness called dropsy
Magnet Magnet or lodestone attracts iron
Worm and Insects
Ant Ants harvest grain to store for the winter
Bedbug A blood sucking worm that preys on humans
Bee Bees are the smallest of birds, and are born from the bodies of oxen
Bibiones Insects that are generated in wine
Buffone An insect that has a voice like a trumpet
Buprestis A venomous beetle that causes cows to burst
Butterfly An insect that generates small worms from its dung
Cantharis A green insect that glitters with gold in sunlight
Caterpillar A worm that eats foliage
Centipede A worm or serpent with many feet
Cicada An insect born from the saliva of the cuckoo
Clothes-moth A worm that eats clothes
Cricket A creature that likes to sing, forgetting all else
Dog-fly A fly that annoys puppies
Dragonfly A long thin insect with four wings
Emigraneus A worm that infests the head
Flea An insect that is sent to man as a punishment
Fly An insect that can revive after being drowned
Glow-worm An insect that gives off light
Gnat An insect that sucks blood
Hornet Hornets are born from the flesh of the horse
Horse-fly A stinging insect associanted with cattle
Leech A blood sucking aquatic worm
Locust An insect with long legs
Louse A pest that can be repelled with mercury and oil
Millipede A worm with a multitude of feet
Moth An insect that cannot bear the light
Opimacus A worm that is skilled in fighting snakes
Scorpion The scorpion is a worm that stings with its tail
Seta A long thin worm like a white needle
Silkworm Silkworms weave cloth from leaves
Slug Slugs are born out of mud
Snail Snails live on land and in water and carry their home on their back
Spider The spider is an aerial worm that takes its nourishment from the air
Spoliator colubri A worm that attacks snakes
Stag-beetle An insect with horns on its head like a stag
Tapula A worm that runs fast on land or water
Tarmus A worm that is generated from the fat of pigs
Thamur The blood of this worm can break the hardest materials
Tick A insect that always has its head in blood
Uria A worm found in pigs that causes blisters
Wasp A stinging insect
Weevil An insect that is almost nothing but a throat
Woodworm Woodworms are generated when trees are cut at the wrong time
Worm Worms are born from flesh without intercourse