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Claudius Aelianus
Aesop's Fables
  Animal tales from the 6th century BCE, which continued to have an influence throughout the Middle Ages.
Saint Ambrose
  Bishop of Milan (374-397), author of the Hexaemeron, a commentary on the biblical account of the six days of creation, that influenced the bestiary.
Augustine of Hippo
  Early Father of the Catholic Church; held a cautious belief in some of the beast fables.
Bartholomaeus Anglicus
  Thirteenth century English Franciscan living in Paris, author of De proprietatibus rerum (On the nature of things), a natural history encyclopedia.
John Chrysostom
  Fifth century Patriarch of Constantinople, incorrectly thought in the Middle Ages to be the author of the Dicta Chrysostomi, a version of the Physiologus.
  Norman poet and cleric; wrote a verse Bestiaire in the Norman French dialect around the beginning of the thirteenth century.
Giraldus Cambrensis
  Gerald of Wales, 12th century chronicler of travels in Wales and Ireland
Guillaume le Clerc
  Thirteenth century cleric of Normandy, author of a French verse Bestiaire.
Hrabanus Maurus
  Ninth century abbot and archbishop, author of the natural history encyclopedia De rerum natura.
Hugh of Fouilloy
  Also known as Hugo de Folieto, this French Augustinian prior of the twelfth century is the author of De avibus, a moralized treatise on birds.
Hugh of Saint Victor
  Often given credit for the works of Hugh of Fouilloy.
Isidore of Seville
  Born in the latter half of the sixth century, died around 636 CE, was bishop of Seville and the author of the Etymologies.
Lambert of Saint-Omer
  Twelfth century Benedictine monk and abbot; author of the Liber Floridus, a natural history encyclopedia.
  Roman poet, author of Pharsalia, a history of the civil war between Julius Caesar and Pompey
Jacob van Maerlant
  Thirteenth century Flemish poet; author of Der Naturen Bloeme, a natural history encyclopedia.
Konrad von Megenberg
  Fourteenth century German scholar; author of Das Buch der Natur (the Book of Nature).
  "Mercy seats" used by medieval monks; usually carved, often with beast images.
  First century Roman poet, author of The Metamorphoses, a work often quoted in bestiaries.
Philippe de Thaon
  Twelfth century Anglo-Norman poet, author of Livre des Creatures and the first French Bestiaire.
  The original "book of beasts", a moralized Greek text written in Alexandria around the third century CE.
Pierre de Beauvais
  Also known as Pierre le Picard, author of a French prose Bestiaire in the early thirteenth century.
Pliny the Elder
  Born 23 CE, died 79 CE. Latin author of Natural History, a compilation of what was known about the world of the first century.
  Strabo was a Greek historian, geographer and philosopher
  Greek scholar (c. 370 - 285 BC), author of Enquiry into Plants, On the Causes of Plants, History of Physics, On Stones.
Thomas of Cantimpré
  Thirteenth century Dominican writer, preacher and theologian; author of the Liber de natura rerum, a natural history encyclopedia.
Vincent of Beauvais
  The Dominican friar Vincent of Beauvais (c. 1190 – 1264?) wrote the Speculum Maius, the main encyclopedia that was used in the Middle Ages.
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