Manuscript: Royal MS 12 F. xiii
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British Library, Royal MS 12 F. xiii
(Rochester Bestiary)
 

Produced: England, About 1230

Language: Latin

Author: 
Illustrator: 
Scribe: 

Binding: 
Media: Vellum
Script: 

Folios: 152  Height: 29.8 cm   Width: 21.4 cm

Manuscript type: Bestiary

Location: British Library, London, England, United Kingdom

Family: Second

 



Source: British Library - Collect Britain | Copyright Copyright 2004 British Library / Used by permission | Folio 49r


 
Description

"...illustrated with illuminated initials and 55 miniatures in rectangular frames with plain gold grounds. ... The manuscript includes a number of additions from the Pantheologus of Peter of Cornwall... The artist is thought to have worked in the south east of England and an inscription on the first page of the text shows the manuscript once to have belonged to the Benedictine Cathedral Priory of Rochester, Kent." - Medieval Beasts (New York, 1990) Payne, p.14

"Bestiary, or moralized Natural History (animals and trees), in Latin. The basis is as usual a combination of the Physiologus with the corresponding parts of the Etymologiae of S. Isidore of Seville (cf. 2 C. XII). So far it agrees in the main in contents with 12 C. XIX, part. 5, and both in order and contents with Add. MS. 11283 (cf. also the collection printed as lib. iii in the appendix to the works of Hugo de S. Victore, Migne, Patr. Lat. clxxvii. 83). Additions to this basis seem to originate in the Pantheologus of Peter of Cornwall (Prior of Christchurch, Aldgate, 1197-1221), to which work there are some references (ff. 39, 113), cf. 7 C. XIII. The first four articles are Leo, Tigris, Pardus, Pantera, and the last two Partes hominis (Aetates hominis omitted) and Lapides igniferi. Beg. 'Bestiarum vocabulum'. f. 3. Appended is a Lapidary in French prose, probably taken from the Latin poem of Marbodus, Bishop of Rennes (d. 1128), though the order differs from the Latin Marbodus in Migne and elsewhere. Printed from this MS. by M. F. Mann in Romanische Forschungen, ii (1886), p. 367. At f. 144 'Amalanz' is glossed 'in Anglico Blinde Beles'. The preface, &c., are absent. Beg. 'Allectorie crest el genuil del chapun'; ends 'Topaz Iacincte Amatiste'. f. 140 b." - British Library


Additional description


 
Editions and Facsimiles

None known


 

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