Manuscript: R.14.9
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Trinity College Library, R.14.9

Produced: England, 1275-1300

Language: Latin


Media: Vellum
Script: In various hands

Folios: 106  Height: 26.7 cm   Width: 17.8 cm

Manuscript type: Miscellany

Location: Trinity College Library (University of Cambridge), Cambridge, England, United Kingdom

Family: First; Transitional


Source: Trinity College Library R.14.9 | Copyright 2006 Copyright 2006 Trinity College Library | Folio 91r


"James no. 884

Six volumes in one. In various hands. Double columns, lines vary. Provenance: Most likely from Horsham St Faith's, Norfolk. Given by Nevile.

VI. f.89 A Bestiary

Double columns of 45 lines. In a fine hand, illustrated with many small square and oblong miniatures in gold frames of the most admirable finish. The grounds of the miniatures are either dark blue, or pale red, or brown red, with dotted and diapered patterns. The work is English. The text begins: "Et enim iacob benedicens filium suum iudam ait catulus leonis est iudas filius meus." It ends imperfectly in the section on the Frog: "Rane a garulitate eo quod circa genitales [strepunt paludes etc.]." This is added in a neat xvith cent. hand ending "lacertorum ut lubigo et hoc similia. Expl. liber Bestiarum."

The Pictures are as follows

1. Initial E with two dragons. 2. In 3 tiers, a. hunter following lion with spear towards a mountain. b. lion sleeping with open eyes. c. lion roaring over cubs. 3. In 2 tiers a. hunter spearing antelope whose head is hid in reeds. b. antelope stands drinking from a river (Euphrates). 4. Ship with two sailors, a strange winged beast in the sea flapping its wings. 5. Two white birds (charadrii) on a sick man's bed, one looks at him, one not. 6. In 2 tiers, a. Pelican killing its young in the nest. b. Reviving them with its blood. 7. Nycticorax, a black bird. 8. Below, an eagle diving into the sea. Above an eagle flying. 9. Phoenix on a flaming pyre. 10. Hoopoes picking the old feathers out of their parents' wings. 11. Ants (red) and corn (green). 12. Two sailors in a ship falling asleep. A siren with harp in the water on R. 13. Ibex falling headlong from a cliff upon the points of its horns. 14. Hedgehogs: one in an apple tree, the other on its back below (collecting apples on its prickles). 15. Ibis with human leg in its beak. 16. Fox lying on its back with open mouth, birds settling on it: one with its head in the fox's mouth. 17. Unicorn with its head in a maiden's lap, speared by a hunter. 18. Hunter with horn and two dogs pursues two white beavers. 19. Hyena (greenish brown) devouring a shrouded corpse in a sarcophagus. 20. Hydrus (long blue beast) eating its way through the body of a hairy crocodile. 21. Wild goat on a cliff; a traveller with hat and bundle looks at it. (It can discern a traveller from a hunter at once.) 11. An ass.

23. Caprea. White with long horns. 24. Onager mutilating its young. 25. Ape carrying off two young, one in its arm, one on its back. Man with horn and sword follows. 26. Fulica, a white bird sitting on foliage. 27. The panther, a fat white beast with stripes. A group of animals on each side gaze at it (attracted by its smell). 28. Dragon, fine with long curly neck: winged and two-legged. 29. Aspidochelon, a blue whale in water. 30. Partridge: a young one on its back: others follow it to L. 31. Weasel, a young one coming out of its ear. 32. Deaf adder (dragon); one ear against a hill, tail in the other: a man with staff pointing down at it. 33. Grey blue unicorn.

34. Ostrich looking up at the sun and leaving her eggs. 35. Three trees with turtle-doves upon them. 36. Stag eating a blue snake. 37. Salamander (lizard) in a tree: a man below eating an apple falls dead. 38. Four pairs of doves, blue and white. 39. Doves in a tree on R. Two others on L. fly down into a dragon's mouth. 40. A wingless two-legged dragon: blue and red. 41. Two elephants: both have pinkish heads: the body of one is light scarlet, of the other buff. 42. Two mandrakes, green shaggy men with leafy hands and feet, growing head downwards.

43. Shepherd watching 4 sheep. 44. On L. white tiger looking at a round silver mirror. Hunter on horse on R. with a cub in his bosom. 45. Leopard (heraldic). 46. Lynx: urine turned to stone. 47. Griffin with red wings. 48. Bonnacon with bull's head and horns curling in. Hunter with spear on R. 49. Satyr with toed feet, and large ears.

50. Black bear licking its young. 51. Leucrota, with large teeth and hoofs. 52. Crocodile, a brown prick-eared/horned lizard, four-legged. 53. Manticora: the head not human. 54. Parandius, a scarlet stag. 55. Eale, pink with long horns. 56. Wolf on L. biting his paw (in anger because he has trod on a stick), on R. a fold with cattle in it and a dog in the door. 57. Four dogs of different kinds. 58. A king on L. with sword. Three dogs attack three men on R. (A Garamantian king rescued by his hounds.) 59. A murdered man with throat cut, a dog fawns upon him. On R. the dog flies at the throat of a man with a club (the murderer). 60. A man in peaked hat sitting on a throne. A group of beasts before him, whom he names. 61. Brown sheep with long horns. 62. A blue ram. 63. A white lamb. 64. A blue he-goat. 65. A boar. 66. A bull (hornless). 67. A red ox. 68. A camel with two humps. 69. A dromedary (blue) with none. 70. A blue horse. 71. A cat. 72. A mouse. 73. A mole. 74. A vulture with flesh in its beak. 75. Two cranes. 76. A parrot (blue). 77. A stork. 78. A swan. 79. A halcyon with large beak. 80. A goatsucker (Cinomolgus) in a tree: a man below with a sling, aiming at it. 81. A magpie. 82. A hawk. 83. Ercinee aues; a hawk of some kind. 84. A nightingale (blue). 85. Four bats. 86. A crow. 87. A raven.

88. A swallow. 89. A quail. 90. A peacock. 91. A cock. 92. A duck. 93. Tree on L., red hive on R. and bees.

94. Basilisk. Cock with serpent's tail. 95. Viper, four-legged with green horned head, eating the head of her husband, and two young ones breaking out of her side. 96. Winged and horned serpent. 97. Amphisbena: dragon with a small head on its tail. 98. Boas, fat: blue and white with red head. 99. Lacertus, winged serpent. 100. White (bluish) arabian serpent. 101. 'Seps.' 102. 'Dipsos.' 103. Lizard, 4-legged: long ears. 104. Another (stellio). 105. Horned serpent coming out of its skin. 106. Spiders (5), blue and red, not unlike mice. 107. Two fish." - The Western Manuscripts in the Library of Trinity College, Cambridge: a Descriptive Catalogue (Cambridge, 1900-04) James

Additional description

Editions and Facsimiles

Digital facsimiles: Trinity College Library (partial; marred by digital watermark)


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