Manuscript: MS Typ 101
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Houghton Library, MS Typ 101
(De Bestiis / Dicta Chrysostomi)
 

Produced: Paris, c. 1200-1250

Language: Latin

Author: Hugh of Fouilloy
Illustrator: 
Scribe: at least two

Binding: 15th century calf over boards
Media: Vellum
Script: Littera textualis

Folios: 91  Height: 16 cm   Width: 11 cm

Manuscript type: Bestiary

Location: Houghton Library (Harvard College / Harvard University), Cambridge, Massachusetts, United States

Family: n/a

 



Source: Samuel A. Ives, 1942 (English 13th Century Bestiary: A New Discovery in the Technique of Medieval Illumination) |  | Folio 7v


 
Description

Formerly known as the "Kraus Bestiary", when in the possession of book and manuscript dealer H. P. Kraus, and the "Hofer Bestiary" when owned by Philip Hofer.

Contents:

f. 3-16 - a series of 75 miniatures. The illustrations all occur together at the start of the manuscript, generally with two or more beast pictures per page. The only text accompanying the pictures is a caption naming the beast. The text pages have no illustrations, but often have spaces left blank for pictures. An English 13th Century Bestiary: A New Discovery in the Technique of Medieval Illumination (New York, 1942) Lehmann-Haupt takes this to indicate that the manuscript was intended as a model book, an example for copies made by other scribes, in which copies the pictures would be placed in the spaces on the text pages. Some of the pictures have "pounce"marks, used to create copies. There are pictures for both the De Bestiis and the Dicta Chrysostomi sections of the manuscript.

f. 17-58 - The text of the De Bestiis, Book I, ascribed to Hugo de Folieto. The manuscript contains only Book I of this work, preceded by a letter purportedly from Hugo to Raynerus, with the title Incipit libellus cuiusdam ad rainerum conversum cognomine corde benignum de quadam avium significatione mistica et morali. This section of the De Bestiis is an aviary, containing only articles on birds. It has two articles not found in the Patrologia Latina edition, on the noctua (owl) and the cornice (crow). Folios 1r-8v are illustrations. Medieval Book of Birds: Hugh of Fouilloy's Aviarium (Binghampton, NY, 1992) Clark aviary group: Paris.

f. 58-60 - Tractus Hugonis prioris de diversis coloribus ac naturis columbarum. This is two chapters from the Latin Physiologus, based on the same version group as was used by Guillaume le Clerc (the A text). A version of this text is also found in Newberry Library, MS 31.1 (f. 43r - 44r) and British Library, Royal MS 2 C. xii.

f. 60-89 - The text of the Dicta Chrysostomi, ascribed to John Chrysostom. Titled Incipiunt dicta Iohannis Crisostomi de naturis bestiarum, this work, ascribed in the Middle Ages to Chrysostom, is a bestiary with the usual Physiologus subjects, but without the birds covered in De Bestiis. A version of this text is also found in Newberry Library, MS 31.1 (f. 44r - 52v).

(Description based in part on An English 13th Century Bestiary: A New Discovery in the Technique of Medieval Illumination (New York, 1942) Ives & Lehmann-Haupt 1942; and Medieval Book of Birds: Hugh of Fouilloy's Aviarium (Binghampton, NY, 1992) Clark, 1992.)


 
Editions and Facsimiles


Printed facsimiles: An English 13th Century Bestiary: A New Discovery in the Technique of Medieval Illumination (New York, 1942) Ives/Lehmann-Haupt, 1942 (partial)

 

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