Bibliography Details Jump to Home page Help Jump to Contents page Jump to Help Index Search Previous help page Next help page

The bibliography detail page displays additional information about an item from the bibliography. It opens in a new window when you click a bibliography link (pop-up blockers should let this window appear, but if it doesn't, check your software documentation for the way to temporarily disable it). You can leave this window open and position and size it any way you want; it will be re-used the next time you click a bibliography link.

The page has a set of standard fields, and uses various abbreviations and symbols. The title and author or authors appear first. This is followed by the citation, giving the publisher, journal name and volume, series name, publication date, and any other relevant data. The next section is notes: an abstract or description of the item, special features, page count, etc. The amount of information available in the notes varies considerablly. Following the notes is the language of the item. This is the principle language; the text may include other languages as well. If known, various standard classifications and identification numbers are shown next. See below for an explanation of the codes used. One or more symbols may appear at the bottom of the listing; see below for an explanation of these symbols.

Each bibliography entry also has an arbitrary identification number, shown in the toolbar at the bottom of the page. This ID number uniquely identifies each bibliography entry, and will never change.

At the very bottom of the page is the date the bibliography entry was last updated.

Standard Classifications and Identifiers

The following are the abbreviations used in the bibliography for various publication classification and identifying systems. These codes will appear near the bottom of the bibliography detail page if the information is available.

DDC The Dewey Decimal Classification system is the world's most widely used library classification system. More information is available from OCLC.
DOI The Digital Object Identifier (DOI) is a system for persistent identification and interoperable exchange of intellectual property on digital networks.
ISBN International Standard Book Number. An ISBN is a standard identifier for books. The ISBN system is managed by the International ISBN Agency.
ISSN International Standard Serial Number. An ISSN is a standard identifier for magazines, journals, book series, and other items that are continuously published. The ISSN system is managed by the ISSN Agency.
LC USA Library of Congress classification. The Library has a standard classification system that can be viewed on the Library of Congress website.
LCCN USA Library of Congress Control Number, a standard identifier code that is defined on the Structure of the LC Control Number website.
NLM USA National Library of Medicine classification system, a standard identifier code that is defined on the NLM Classification website.
OCLC Online Computer Library Center catalog number. The OCLC maintains the WorldCat bibliographic database; the OCLC catalog number uniquely identifies an item in the database.
PQDD ProQuest Digital Dissertations database publication number. In print form, this is known as Dissertation Abstracts International (DAI). This is a subscription service, available from most university and other libraries. The publication number allows the dissertation to be located in the database and to be ordered.

Status Indicators

To indicate the reliability and type of the bibliography item, one or more of the following symbols may appear on the bibliography lists, or near the bottom of the entry on the detail page.

Bibliography status 1: The item has been seen by the bibliographer, and the citation details and notes have been confirmed. This is the highest level of reliability.

Bibliography status 2: The item has not been seen by the bibliographer, but the source of the citation is considered to be reliable, and therefore the entry is probably accurate.

Bibliography status 3: The item has been not seen by the bibliographer; the accuracy and completeness of the citation is uncertain. These entries should be used with caution.

Printed text: The item is a printed text, such as a book or a journal article.

Electronic/digital text: The item is available as a digital text, either on this site on on an external site. The URL of the digital item should be listed in the notes.

Microfilm/slide: The item is published on microfilm, or as a photographic slide or other transparency. If available, the microfilm/slide identifier or product number will be shown.

Article, from a journal: The item is an article that was published in a journal, magazine, or other periodical. The citation supplies the journal name, volume, year and page numbers.

Article, from a book: The item is an article from a book of essays, an anthology, or similar multi-part work. The title of the book is given, and in some cases clicking on the book title will cause the book details to be shown.

Article, digital: The item is a digital article published in an electronic journal, on a web site, or in some other digital form. Normally the item is only available in digital form, and has not been published in print. The URL of the item is given.

Web site or page: The item is a Web site or a page on a Web site. The site or page URL will be included in the citation.

Dissertation/thesis: The document is an academic dissertation or thesis. If available, a reference or product ordering number is supplied.

Adobe Acrobat (PDF) document: The document is available as a Portable Document Format (PDF) file. You will need the free Adobe Acrobat Reader software to view it.

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